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Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco , is a sovereign city-state, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. Bordered by France on three sides, with one side bordering the Mediterranean Sea, its center is about 16 km from Italy, and is only 13 km northeast of Nice, France. It has an area of 2.02 km2 , and a population of 36,371, making Monaco the second smallest, and the most densely populated country in the world. Monaco has a land border of only 4.4 km , a coastline of 4.1 km , and a width that varies between 1.7 km , and 349 metres . The highest point in the country is a narrow pathway named Chemin des Révoires on the slopes of Mont Agel, in the Les Révoires district, which is 161 metres above sea level. Monaco's most populous Quartier is Monte Carlo, and the most populous Ward is Larvotto/Bas Moulins. Monaco is known for its land reclamation, which has increased its size by an estimated 20%. Current land reclamation projects include, extending the district of Fontvieille by 0.08 km2 or 8 ha .