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Guernsey, officially the Bailiwick of Guernsey, is a British Crown dependency in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy. As a bailiwick, Guernsey embraces not only all ten parishes on the Island of Guernsey, but also the islands of Alderney and Sarkeach with their own parliamentand the smaller islands of Herm, Jethou and Lihou. Although its defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom, the Bailiwick is not part of the United Kingdom, but, as its description suggests, a possession of the British Crown (British monarchy). Consequently, though it lies within the Common Travel Area of the European Union, it is not part of the European Union.Together, the Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey form the geographical grouping known as the Channel Islands.EtymologyThe name "Guernsey", as well as that of neighbouring "Jersey", is of Old Norse origin. The second element of each word, "-ey", is the Old Norse for "island", while "Guern" resembles the Spanish Cuerno, French Coi(r)n, Dutch Hoorn, Frisian Hoarn, Swedish Hörn and Swiss Gorn, all meaning "corner". Hence "Guernsey" may originally translate as "Corner Island".